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Medications Used to Treat Common Health Conditions

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If you have a chronic illness, it is likely that you are taking one or more prescription medications. Most chronic health conditions – such as diabetes, asthma, high cholesterol, heart disease, osteoporosis, depression and other mental health conditions – are treated with a combination of drugs and lifestyle changes. Learn about the medications that you can use to help you manage your condition, including new drugs and those currently being tested.
  1. Bones, Joints and Muscles
  2. Endocrine System: Glands and Hormones
  3. Male Genital and Reproductive Organs
  4. Mental Health and Behavior

Bones, Joints and Muscles

iStockphoto/belterz

Having a chronic condition affecting your bones or joints – such as osteoporosis or arthritis – can be a painful and disabling experience. Medications are available to prevent and treat osteoporosis and to treat the symptoms and causes of arthritis, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Endocrine System: Glands and Hormones

iStockphoto/luso

Your endocrine system includes glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones, which affect your body processes from head to toe, including growth and development, metabolism, and reproduction. If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have an endocrine disorder such as diabetes or hypothyroidism. Medications are available to help you control these conditions.

Male Genital and Reproductive Organs

The male genital and reproductive organs include the testicles, penis, and prostate gland. Medications are available to treat common conditions – such as erectile dysfunction, an enlarged prostate (BPH), prostate cancer, and low testosterone – affecting the male reproductive system.

Mental Health and Behavior

belterz/iStockphoto

Mental illnesses such as depression, phobias, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and many others are common. These conditions affect about one in five families in the U.S. Fortunately, most mental health and behavioral conditions are treatable. Medications and different types of psychotherapy can improve your life or the life of a loved one suffering with a mental illness.

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